How to Speed Up Your Laptop: 10 Easy Steps

Is your laptop running slow and taking forever to load applications or files? If so, you’re not alone. Over time, laptops can become sluggish and unresponsive due to a variety of reasons such as outdated software, hardware issues, or cluttered system files.

Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to speed up your laptop and improve its performance. In this guide, we’ll outline 10 steps you can follow to make your laptop faster, from cleaning up your system and uninstalling unnecessary programs to upgrading hardware components and optimizing your settings.

By following these steps, you can give your laptop a new lease of life and enjoy a faster and more efficient computing experience. So, let’s dive in and learn how to speed up your laptop!

1. Remove Unused Programs and Files

Removing unused programs and files is an effective way to speed up your laptop’s performance. Over time, your laptop can become cluttered with programs and files that you no longer use or need. These can take up valuable space on your hard drive and slow down your laptop’s overall speed.

  • To remove unused programs, go to your laptop’s control panel.
  • Click on Programs and Features in it.
  • After clicking on it, you will see a list of all the programs installed on your laptop.
  • Select the programs you no longer need and click Uninstall to remove them from your laptop.

Uninstall Unused Programs

To remove unused files, you can go to your laptop’s file explorer and manually delete any files that you no longer need. You can also use a cleanup utility to automatically remove temporary files and other unnecessary items.

It’s a good idea to regularly review your download and desktop folders, as well as your browser’s downloads folder, and delete any unnecessary files. By doing this regularly, you can keep your laptop running smoothly and avoid unnecessary lag.

Removing unused programs and files not only speeds up your laptop’s performance, but it can also free up valuable space on your hard drive. This can help you avoid running out of storage space and having to purchase a larger hard drive or external storage device.

2. Disable Startup Programs

When you start up your laptop, many programs automatically launch and run in the background. These programs can slow down your laptop’s performance, especially if there are too many of them.

Disabling startup programs can help speed up your laptop’s boot time and improve its overall performance.

To disable startup programs in Windows, you can use the built-in Task Manager application.

  • Right-click on the taskbar and select Task Manager to open it.
  • Then, go to the Startup tab to see the list of programs that start at startup.
  • Select the programs you don’t need and click Disable to prevent them from starting automatically.

Task Manager - Startup

It’s important to note that not all programs listed in the startup tab should be disabled. Some programs are essential for your laptop’s proper functioning, such as anti-virus software or device drivers.

Be careful when choosing which programs to disable, and research them first to ensure you’re not disabling something important.

Disabling startup programs can help speed up your laptop’s boot time and improve its overall performance.

3. Remove Viruses and Malware

Viruses and malware can significantly slow down your laptop’s performance. And in some cases, they can cause serious damage to your data and software. Therefore To keep your laptop running smoothly, it’s important to regularly scan for and remove any viruses or malware.

There are several antivirus and anti-malware programs available that can help protect your laptop from threats. Windows 10 comes with a built-in antivirus called Windows Defender, which can be enabled by going to the “Security” section in the “Windows Settings” app.

You can also download and install third-party antivirus and anti-malware programs, such as Avast or Malwarebytes, for extra protection.

When scanning for viruses and malware, make sure to do a full system scan to check all files and folders on your laptop.

You should also regularly update your antivirus and anti-malware software to ensure that it’s equipped to detect the latest threats.

If your laptop is infected with a virus or malware, it’s important to remove it as soon as possible. Many antivirus and anti-malware programs have a built-in option to remove infected files or quarantine them to prevent further spread.

You can also use Windows’ built-in malware removal tool called Microsoft Defender Offline, which scans and removes viruses before the operating system fully loads.

Removing viruses and malware is crucial for keeping your laptop running smoothly and protecting your data. By regularly scanning for and removing these threats, you can prevent potential damage to your system and avoid performance issues caused by these malicious programs.

4. Update Windows, drivers, and apps

Regularly updating your laptop’s Windows operating system, drivers, and apps is important for ensuring optimal performance and security.

Windows Update:

Windows updates provide bug fixes, performance improvements, and security patches to address known vulnerabilities.

You can check for updates by going to the Windows Settings app and selecting Update & Security.

From there, you can click Check for updates to see if any updates are available for your laptop.

Check Windows Updates

Driver Update:

Updating your drivers is also important, as outdated drivers can cause performance issues and even hardware failures.

You can update your drivers by going to your laptop manufacturer’s website and downloading the latest drivers for your specific model. Alternatively, you can use third-party driver update software to automate the process.

Apps Update:

Updating your apps can also help improve performance and security. Many apps have automatic updates enabled by default, but you can also check for updates manually.

It’s important to note that some updates may require a restart of your laptop. It’s a good idea to save any unsaved work before starting an update to avoid data loss.

Regularly updating your Windows operating system, drivers, and apps can help ensure optimal performance and security for your laptop. By keeping your system up to date, you can avoid potential issues caused by outdated software and take advantage of new features and improvements.

5. Defragment Your Hard Drive

Defragmenting your hard drive is a process that rearranges the files on your laptop’s hard drive to make them more easily accessible.

Over time, as you add, delete, and modify files, your hard drive can become fragmented, meaning that the files are not stored in contiguous blocks but instead scattered throughout the drive. This can slow down your laptop’s performance as it takes longer to access the scattered files.

You can use the built-in Disk Defragmenter utility to defragment your hard drive in Windows.

  • Search for Defragment and Optimize Drives in the Windows search bar and open the tool.
  • Then, select the drive you want to defragment and click Optimize.
  • The tool then analyzes the drive and moves the scattered files to make them easier to access.

Defragment and Optimize Drives

It’s important to note that newer versions of Windows automatically defragment your hard drive in the background, so manual defragmentation may not be necessary as often.

However, if you notice your laptop’s performance slowing down, it may be worth running a manual defragmentation to optimize your hard drive.

6. Run a Disk Cleanup

Running a disk cleanup on your laptop can help free up valuable space on your hard drive, which can improve performance and help prevent storage-related issues.

Over time, your laptop can accumulate temporary files, system files, and other unnecessary data that take up space on your hard drive.

To run a disk cleanup on Windows, you can use the built-in Disk Cleanup utility.

  • Search for Disk Cleanup in the Windows search bar and open the tool.
  • Next, choose the drive you wish to clean and then press OK.
  • The tool scans your hard drive for unwanted files and provides a list of files that can be safely deleted.
  • You can select the files you want to delete and click OK to free up space on your hard drive.

Disk Cleanup

In addition to freeing up space, running disk cleanup can also help improve your laptop’s performance by removing unnecessary files that may be slowing down your system.

This can include temporary internet files, system error memory dump files, and other types of data that can accumulate over time.

7. Disable Cortana

Windows 10 comes with a pre-installed virtual assistant called Cortana. While it can be a useful tool for some users, it can also consume valuable system resources and impact your laptop’s performance. Disabling Cortana can help improve your laptop’s performance and free up system resources.

To disable Cortana on Windows 10, you can follow these steps:

  • To proceed, right-click on the taskbar and then choose Task Manager.
  • Click on the Startup tab.
  • Find Cortana in the list of startup programs and click on it.
  • Once you’ve located the desired program in Task Manager, click on the Disable button located in the lower-right corner of the window.
  • Restart your laptop for the changes to take effect.

After disabling Cortana, you will no longer be able to use voice commands or interact with the virtual assistant. However, this can help free up valuable system resources and improve your laptop’s overall performance.

It’s worth noting that disabling Cortana may not have a significant impact on performance for all users. If you don’t notice a significant improvement after disabling Cortana, you may need to explore other performance optimization options.

8. Upgrade Your Hardware

If your laptop is still running slow after trying these tips, it may be time to upgrade your hardware. Here are a few options:

Upgrade your RAM: Adding more RAM can help your laptop run more programs at once and reduce load times.

Upgrade your hard drive: If you have a traditional hard drive, upgrading to an SSD can significantly improve your laptop’s performance. Compared to traditional hard drives, SSDs are faster and more dependable.

Upgrade your processor: If your laptop’s processor is outdated, upgrading to a newer, faster processor can improve performance.

Note: Upgrading hardware can be expensive and may require professional installation. Be sure to research your options and consult with a professional if needed.

9. Restart your browser

Restarting your browser is a quick and easy way to speed up your browsing experience. Over time, your browser can become bogged down with temporary files, cookies, and other data that can slow it down. Restarting your browser can clear this data and give it a fresh start. Here’s how to do it:

  • Make sure to close all tabs and windows in your web browser.
  • Click on the three-dot menu icon in the upper-right corner of your browser window.
  • Select Exit or Quit from the drop-down menu.
  • Wait a few seconds for the browser to fully shut down.
  • Open your browser again and test if it is running faster.

Alternatively, you can also try clearing your browser’s cache and cookies to speed up your browsing experience. To clear your cache and cookies:

  • Click on the three-dot menu icon in the upper-right corner of your browser window.
  • Select Settings from the drop-down menu.
  • Scroll down to the section labeled Privacy and Security.
  • Click on Clear browsing data.
  • Select the types of data you want to clear (such as Cached images, files, Cookies, and other site data).
  • Choose the time range for the data you want to clear.
  • Click Clear data to confirm.

clear your cache and cookies in browser

Note: Clearing your cache and cookies will sign you out of websites and delete any stored passwords or preferences, so be sure to save any important information before clearing them.

10. Keep Your Laptop Clean

Keeping your laptop clean is an important aspect of maintaining its performance and prolonging its lifespan. Dust, dirt, and grime can accumulate on your laptop’s surfaces and inside its components, causing it to overheat and slow down. Below are a few recommendations to maintain the cleanliness of your laptop.

Clean Your Laptop

Use a soft, lint-free cloth to wipe down the exterior surfaces of your laptop. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials, as they can damage the finish of your laptop.

Use a can of compressed air to blow out any dust or debris from the keyboard and other ports. To prevent harm to the parts, make sure to hold the can in an upright position and utilize brief bursts of air.

Clean the screen with a microfiber cloth and a mild cleaning solution. Avoid using paper towels or other abrasive materials, as they can scratch the screen. Read our article 7 Best Laptop Cleaning Kits in India to discover the top-rated laptop cleaning kits.

Keep your laptop away from food and drink, as spills can damage the components and attract pests.

Use a laptop cooling pad or stand to improve airflow and prevent overheating. Overheating can cause your laptop to slow down or even shut down unexpectedly.

By following these tips, you can keep your laptop running smoothly and extend its lifespan.


In conclusion, by following these 10 steps, you can significantly improve the speed and performance of your laptop. From decluttering your system and uninstalling unnecessary programs to upgrading hardware components and optimizing system settings, these steps are easy to implement and can make a big difference. So, if you’re tired of a slow and sluggish laptop, try out these tips and enjoy a faster and smoother computing experience!

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